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ART121 - Drawing I
Spring 2003 - NVCC - Giulio Porta

By Holly Zell

This is my presentation of artwork created for the Art121.
I took the web-based version of this class since I could not attend two days a week. 
The second week I show up at a Monday session of this class (I had another class later in the day). I asked the instructor if I could attend the lecture portion of his classes and he agreed.  I learned so much more about each concept by doing this then studying on my own. I did research a lot of these topics on the net, as well.


Quality of Line

These pieces are examples of using Quality of Line to represent shade and color as well as form.  This required using a monotone medium, a ball-point pen.  The work to the left was my first attempt using pencil.  The work below was outlined in pencil, then completed in pen.  I used a ruler to obtain the long straight lines.




Reference Points

This assignment demonstrates using reference points to draw symmetrical objects.  The cylinder's shape is created starting with a symmetrical ellipse.  I left the reference lines visible in the drawing to the left.  I used the reference points technique again in creating the work below.  This was also a study in glass and it's reflective and refractive qualities.  Notice how the background is bent as it passes behind the glasses (refraction).  I used watercolor pencils in this drawing and had planned to do a wash on the vases but, decided I liked it the way it is.



Tonal Values

This assignment, like the first one, required the use of monotone medium, again, a ball-point pen.  This is my workstation at my job.  I used 7 values to illustrate this scene, the lightest with one set of lines, is the paper sitting the the IN box and the computer screen.  The darkest is on the doors of the computer cabinet with 7 sets of  lines.  I used a ruler in generating the lines.



Drawing from your Direct Environment

Using watercolor pencils I drew a volleyball game in progress. The figures illustrate the concept that the further an object is away, the smaller it appears. It also gave me practice drawing figures. (More practice is needed. I have trouble drawing feet.) This was also my first attempt at wash (child-like). The floor lines do not adhere to the perspective of the scene. I lacked confidence when I did them..



Guidelines to Perspective Drawing - Self Portrait

This assignment made me realize how many art techniques in drawing are based in mathematics. Perspective drawing creates the illusion of three-dimensional environment on a two-dimensional surface. This drawing illustrates that the size of an object is proportional to its distance from the eye (i.e. an object will appear half the height at twice the distance from the eye).  This project also included doing a self portrait from a profile.  I worked from a profile photograph taken of myself.




One, Two and Three Point Perspective

The number of points in a perspective drawing relates to how the three axes, representing width, height and depth, are seen.  In one-point perspective (top left drawing)  there is a single vanishing point representing the depth.  The width and height are seen straight on and appear as horizontal (width) and vertical (height) lines. For two-point perspective (middle right drawing) there are two vanishing points to give the representation of depth.  The vertical (height) dimension is the only one viewed straight on. Three-point perspective (bottom left drawing) has none of the dimension viewed straight on and has three vanishing points, one for each dimension. In three-point perspective, the horizon is either very high looking down or very low looking up.  The third point is actually off the bottom of the page.



Two Point Perspective




This was my most enjoyable assignment to date. 

In it we used acrylic paint and brush, using only white and black, to illustrate a one-point perspective landscape of a path in the woods including a figure. I used kraft mailing paper to paint on. In my first attempt (right) I felt the large trees did not stand out enough. My instructor pointed out the splayed legs of the figure. In my second work (below) the large trees stand out more and my figure is in a more realistic stance but, I thought I added too much detail to the background. It looked too busy. After critiquing with my instructor, we determined there was too much white otherwise, he liked this one better. I had difficulty getting enough paint on my brush.



Light and Shadow

  This was a study of light and shadow. Using black and white acrylic paint we were to illustrate using one-point perspective, a five sided room containing a large window and a figure. We needed to demonstrate the light and shadow patterns created on the walls and the figure from the window light source. Notice the wall containing the window has the darkest shadow and the shadow on the other surfaces gets lighter as it gets further from the light source. There is also strong light and shadow on the figure. I felt I needed to make the shadow transition on the walls more smooth, blended. Via this lesson I discovered my problem with not enough paint on the brush was really a problem of not enough water. Use a lot of water!



The Location of the Horizon


One point perspective. I found the photo at right online and used it as my model for my Location of Horizon assignment. I was attracted by the colors. This is only the second time I have attempted a wash and it turned out much better then the first time (Drawing from your Environment). I gotten more comfortable using the brush and enjoy using the watercolor pencils.

Rehoboth Beach boardwalk looking south from atop Thrasher's Fries



Drawing from a Floor plan

Two point perspective. Through this assignment and the classroom instruction, I finally understood how the 2 vanishing points were placed. I didn't realize that the rendered church would be so small and enjoyed detailing it. I used watercolor pencils. I washed the roof and the sides of the church then applied the brick and roof tile patterns. 


Details of Church



Watercolor Wash

Orthographic Drawing

An Orthographic drawing has two of the three lines perpendicular at a 90 degree angle. Height and Width are view straight on. There is no depth seen by the viewer. Orthographic drawing is used in architectural drawings.



Light and Shadow - Artificial Light




The Human Figure

As the semester has gone on, I have become more confident as an artist. I have learned so many new techniques, mediums, and styles. 
I need to take more risks with my art. 
Completing the work for this class was very difficult for me. I'm a bit of a perfectionist and I take too long to create my work.
This is the reason I switched education majors to IST 20 years ago.
I long to be a graphic artist doing ads using all of my technical and creative talents...


İHolly A Zell
Revised: September 21, 2007
All Original Artwork Copyrighted.